Investigative Challenges of Fraud in Microfinance Institutions
Globally, two billion people suffer from financial exclusion including 90% of the population in least developed countries. The microfinance industry with over $60 billion in assets was created to address the institutional void within the financial market found in at least 168 countries. There is a fundamental lack of existing empirical research on the topic of investigative challenges of fraud in microfinance. The data collection methodology was a systematic review of existing academic documents. Key terms were defined to create a uniform approach to industry-specific verbiage in microfinance. It was established that investigators work in dangerous environments, operate amongst complex legal issues, contend with limitations in infrastructure, with inadequate training inside an organizational structure that does not optimally support their role. Recommendations and future research considerations were provided regarding the antifraud program, security protocols, client education, cooperation, collaborative databases, power outages and surge protection, transportation needs, training and development, and organizational structure. Microfinance institutions play a critical role in helping the world’s poor meet their basic needs. When acted upon, these recommendations will make a positive impact on their efforts towards poverty alleviation.
Keywords: Financial Crime and Compliance Management, Dr. Kyung-Seok Choo, financial inclusion, developing countries, Islamic microfinance.
REFERENCE: Bell, A. (2017, April). Investigative Challenges of Fraud in Microfinance Institutions. Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.